How to Use a Fire Extinguisher: A Step-by-Step Guide

February 24, 2023

In the event of a fire, you must know how to use a fire extinguisher. Many people panic in these situations and don’t know what to do. If you have ever wondered how to use it, this blog post is for you! In today’s post, we will walk you through the step-by-step process of using a fire extinguisher.

What to do when a fire starts?


When you see or smell smoke, it’s time to take action. First and foremost, get yourself to safety. Once you’re safe, you can call the fire department and alert them to the situation.

If you have a fire extinguisher handy, you may try to put out the fire yourself. However, if the fire is too big or out of control, evacuate immediately and let the professionals handle it.

Remember, safety is always the number one priority. If you doubt whether or not you can safely put out the fire, err on the side of caution and evacuate. Better to be safe than sorry!

When it comes to fires, time is of the essence. The sooner you can take action, the better. With that in mind, here are a few things to keep in mind:

  • If you see smoke or smell burning, it’s time to take action
  • Your first priority should always be safety – get yourself to a safe place
  • From a safe location, you can call the fire department
  • If you have a fire extinguisher handy, you may try to put out the fire yourself
  • If the fire is too big or out of control, evacuate immediately and let the professionals handle it

Safety should always be your number one priority when it comes to fires. If you have any doubts about your ability to put out the fire safely, it’s always better to err on the side of caution and evacuate. Time is of the essence when it comes to fires, so the sooner you can take action, the better.

By following these simple tips, you can help ensure that you stay safe in the event of a fire. Stay safe out there!

How to use a fire extinguisher?

When you come across a fire, the first thing you should do is to assess the situation and determine whether it’s safe for you to try and extinguish the fire yourself. If it is safe, then you can proceed to grab the nearest fire extinguisher.

To use a fire extinguisher:

  1. Pull the pin and aim the extinguisher nozzle at the base of the fire and squeeze the lever slowly and evenly. Ensure to stand at a safe distance.
  2. Sweep the extinguisher from side to side until the flames are extinguished and point it at the base of the fire.
  3. Once you’ve used up all the extinguishing agents, release the lever and allow any extinguishing power to escape.
  4. Finally, replace or recharge the fire extinguisher so that it’s ready for use in case of another fire.

In summary, remember to aim at the base of the flames. Squeeze the lever slowly and evenly, and sweep from side to side. Be sure to recharge or replace it after use. Reading the operating instructions during fire drills can also give an advantage in proper fire extinguisher use.

Types of Fire Extinguishers

There are many different types of fire extinguishers, each designed for a specific kind of fire. The most common types of fire extinguisher are the A B C fire extinguisher, which is intended to put out Class A, B, and C fires.

Class A Fire

Class A fires involve ordinary combustibles such as wood, paper, or cloth.

Class B Fire

Class B fires involve flammable liquids, such as gasoline or oil.

Class C Fire

Class C fires are those that involve electrical equipment.

Additional Class Fires

Class D

Class D fires involve flammable metals like magnesium, sodium, and lithium.

Class K

Class K fires involve cooking fats and oils in cooking appliances.

There are also different types of fire extinguishers for other purposes.

Dry chemical fire extinguishers

For example, there are dry chemical fire extinguishers, which are designed to fight Class A and B fires. They work by smothering the fire with a dry powder that interrupts the chemical reaction that is taking place.

Water fire extinguishers

There are also water fire extinguishers, which are designed to fight Class A fires. They work by cooling the burning material and interrupting the chemical reaction that is taking place.

When it comes to fighting fires, knowledge is power. Be sure to familiarize yourself with the suitable fire extinguisher to use so that you can be prepared in the event of a fire. Because using the wrong type won’t be adequate to fight the fire.

And the most important thing to remember is that you should always read the label on a fire extinguisher before using it. This will help you ensure that you use the correct type of extinguisher for the job.

If you are ever in doubt, always err on the side of caution and call local fire departments. They will be able to help you determine which type of extinguisher to use and how to use it properly.

Cause of Fire

There are many potential fire causes, and it is essential to be aware of them.

  1. Faulty Wiring: Electrical problems are among the most common causes of fire. This could be something as simple as faulty cooking appliances or an overloaded circuit.
  2. Smoking: Another common cause of fire is smoking. Cigarettes can quickly start a fire if they are not properly extinguished.
  3. Gas Leak: A gas leak is another potential cause of the fire. If you smell gas, it is essential to leave the area immediately and call the gas company.
  4. Candles: Candles are another common cause of the fire. If they are not used properly, they can quickly start a fire.
  5. Arson: Finally, arson is one of the most dangerous causes of fire. This is when someone deliberately sets a fire. If you see anything suspicious, it is essential to report it to the authorities.

If you are ever in a situation where there is a fire, it is essential to stay calm and follow the instructions of the firefighters. They will know how to get everyone out of the building safely. Fires can happen anywhere, so it is essential to be prepared.

Fire Safety Tips

What are some of the things you can do to prevent a fire from happening?

  • First, ensure you have working smoke detectors in your home.
  • Second, never leave candles unattended.
  • Third, be careful when using electrical appliances.
  • Fourth, never smoke inside your home.
  • Fifth, ensure you know how to use a fire extinguisher properly.
  • Finally, always be aware of your surroundings and report anything suspicious to the authorities.

Following these simple tips can help prevent a fire from happening in your home.

When not to use a fire extinguisher?

Most people know that fire extinguishers are a great way to create small fires. But did you know that there are some common fire extinguisher mistakes? Here are three:

  • If the fire is too large: If the fire is bigger than what the extinguisher can handle, then don’t use it. It’s better to sound the fire alarm, go to a safe evacuation path, and call 911 for emergency services.
  • If the fire is spreading quickly: If the fire is already starting to spread, using an extinguisher might not do much good. Again, it’s best to get out of there and call for help.
  • If you don’t know how to use it: This should be obvious, but if you don’t know how to operate a fire extinguisher correctly, then don’t try to use it. You could make the situation worse.

Safety is always the most crucial thing; only attempt to fight the fire if the situation contradicts the common mistakes mentioned above. These are the instances when you should NOT use a fire extinguisher.

Proper Storage of a Fire Extinguisher

Fire Extinguisher On Wall

It is essential to check the pressure gauge regularly to ensure that the fire extinguisher is fully charged and ready for use. The indicator should be checked at least once a month. Remove the safety pin and shake the fire extinguisher to check the gauge. If the needle does not move, the fire extinguisher must be recharged.

It is also essential to check the expiration date of the fire extinguisher. Most fire extinguishers have a lifespan of about 12 years. After 12 years, the fire extinguisher will need to be replaced.

If you have any questions about the proper storage of a fire extinguisher, or if you need to recharge or replace your fire extinguisher, please get in touch with your local fire department. They will be happy to help you ensure that your fire extinguisher is in good working order.

Thank you for taking the time to learn about the proper fire extinguisher storage. Having an emergency action plan for your home and work is better. This information could one day save your life or the life of someone you love and keep your family safe. Stay safe!


To use a fire extinguisher correctly, remember the acronym “PASS.” This stands for pull, aim, squeeze, and sweep. First, you must pull the pin at the top of the extinguisher. Next, aim low, using the nozzle, and point at the base of the fire and hit the fuel. Then, squeeze the operating lever in a slow and evenly manner. Finally, sweep the nozzle from side to side until the fire is extinguished.

If you ever find yourself in a situation where there is a fire, don’t panic! Just remember these simple steps, and you’ll be able to put it out in no time.

Now that you know how to use a fire extinguisher, you’ll be prepared in the event of a fire. Be sure to check your local laws and regulations regarding fire safety and the use of fire extinguishers. And remember, always err on the side of caution when it comes to fires. If in doubt, evacuate the area and call 911.

Alex Bradley

Written by

Alex Bradley

Multitasking guru who’s not just wrangling words as a witty blogger, but also juggling the roles of a husband, dad, and dutiful son to an age-defying parent. With a keyboard in one hand and a toolbox of tech gadgets in the other, Alex weaves playful blog posts that crack open the world of senior-friendly gizmos. Drawing inspiration from his family adventures and late-night “Eureka!” moments, his posts are your compass to navigate the realm of safety-enhancing and smile-inducing devices for the golden-aged generation.